ISTQB Practice Exam 4
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Question 1 of 40
For a test procedure that is checking modifications of customers on a database, which two steps below would be the lowest priority if we didn’t have time to execute all of the steps?
1. Open database and confirm existing customer
2. Change customer’s marital status from single to married
3. Change customer’s street name from Parks Road to Park Road
4. Change customer’s credit limit from 500 to 750
5. Replace customer’s first name with exactly the same first name
6. Close the customer record and close the databaseCorrect
Question 2 of 40
Consider the following list of either product or project risks:
I. An incorrect calculation of fees might short-change the organization.
II. A vendor might fail to deliver a system component on time.
III. A defect might allow hackers to gain administrative privileges.
IV. A skills gap might occur in a new technology used in the system.
V. A defect-prioritization process might overload the development team.
Which of the following statements is true?Correct
Question 3 of 40
Consider the following statements about regression tests:
I. They may usefully be automated if they are well designed.
II. They are the same as confirmation tests (re-tests).
III. They are a way to reduce the risk of a change having an adverse affect elsewhere in the system.
IV. They are only effective if automated.
Which pair of statements is true?Correct
Question 4 of 40
Which of the following could be used to assess the coverage achieved for structure-based (white-box) test techniques?
V Decision outcomes exercised
W Partitions exercised
X Boundaries exercised
Y Conditions or multiple conditions exercised
Z Statements exercisedCorrect
Question 5 of 40
Review the following portion of an incident report.
1. I place any item in the shopping cart.
2. I place any other (different) item in the shopping cart.
3. I remove the first item from the shopping cart, but leave the second item in the cart.
4. I click the < Checkout > button.
5. I expect the system to display the first checkout screen. Instead, it gives the pop-up error message, ‘No items in shopping cart. Click to continue shopping.’
6. I click < Okay >.
7. I expect the system to return to the main window to allow me to continue adding and removing items from the cart. Instead, the browser terminates.
8. The failure described in steps 5 and 7 occurred in each of three attempts to perform steps 1,2,3,4 and 6.
Assume that no other narrative information is included in the report. Which of the following important aspects of a good incident report is missing from this incident report?Correct
Question 6 of 40
Which of the following are benefits and which are risks of using tools to support testing?
1. Over-reliance on the tool
2. Greater consistency and repeatability
3. Objective assessment
4. Unrealistic expectations
5. Underestimating the effort required to maintain the test assets generated by the tool
6. Ease of access to information about tests or testing
7. Repetitive work is reducedCorrect
Question 7 of 40
Consider the following list of test process activities:
I Analysis and design
II Test closure activities
III Evaluating exit criteria and reporting
IV Planning and control
V Implementation and execution
Which of the following places these in their logical sequence?Correct
Question 8 of 40
Consider the following types of tools:
V. Test management tools
W. Static analysis tools
X. Modelling tools
Y. Dynamic analysis tools
Z. Performance testing tools
Which of the following of these tools is most likely to be used by developers?Correct
Question 9 of 40
If the temperature falls below 18 degrees, the heating is switched on.
When the temperature reaches 21 degrees, the heating is switched off.
What is the minimum set of test input values to cover all valid equivalence partitions?Correct
Question 10 of 40
A ‘Postage Assistant’ will calculate the amount of postage due for letters and small packages up to 1 kilogram in weight.
The inputs are: the type of item (letter, book or other package) and the weight in grams.
Which of the following conform to the required contents of a test case?Correct
Question 11 of 40
A test plan included the following a clauses among the exit criteria:
- System test shall continue until all significant product risks have been covered to the extent specified in the product risk analysis document.
- System test shall continue until no must-fix defects remain against any significant product risks specified in the product risk analysis document.
During test execution, the test team detects 430 must fix defects prior to release and all must-fix defects are resolved. After release, the customers find 212 new defects, none of which were detected during testing. This means that only 67% of the important defects were found prior to release, a percentage which is well below average in your industry.
You are asked to find the root cause for the high number of field failures. Consider the following list of explanations:
I. Not all the tests planned for the significant product risks were executed.
II. The organization has unrealistic expectations of the percentage of defects that testing can find
III. A version-control issue has resulted in the release of a version of the software that was used during early testing
IV. The product risk analysis failed to identify all the important risks from a customer point of view.
V. The product risk analysis was not updated during the project as new information became available.
Which of the following statements indicate which explanations are possible root causes?Correct
Question 12 of 40
Consider the following statements about maintenance testing:
I. It requires both re-test and regression test and may require additional new tests.
II. It is testing to show how easy it will be to maintain the system.
III. It is difficult to scope and therefore needs careful risk and impact analysis.
IV. It need not be done for emergency bug fixes.
Which of the statements are true?Correct
Question 13 of 40
When choosing which technique to use in a given situation, which factors should be taken into account?
U previous experience of types of defects found in this or similar systems
V the existing knowledge of the testers
W regulatory standards that apply
X the type of test execution tool that will be used
Y the documentation available
Z previous experience in the development languageCorrect
Question 14 of 40
Why is independent testing important?Correct
Question 15 of 40
Which of the following is among the typical tasks of a test leader?Correct
Question 16 of 40
According to the ISTQB Glossary, what do we mean when we call someone a test manager?Correct
Question 17 of 40
What is the primary difference between the test plan, the test design specification, and the test procedure specification?Correct
Question 18 of 40
Which of the following factors is an influence on the test effort involved in most projects?Correct
Question 19 of 40
The ISTQB Foundation Syllabus establishes a fundamental test process where test planning occurs early in the project, while test execution occurs at the end.
Which of the following elements of the test plan, while specified during test planning, is assessed during test execution?Correct
Question 20 of 40
Consider the following exit criteria which might be found in a test plan:
I – No known customer-critical defects.
II – All interfaces between components tested.
III – 100% code coverage of all units.
IV – All specified requirements satisfied.
V – System functionality matches legacy system for all business rules.
Which of the following statements is true about whether these exit criteria belong in an acceptance test plan?Correct
Question 21 of 40
According to the ISTQB Glossary, what is a test level?Correct
Question 22 of 40
Which of the following metrics would be most useful to monitor during test execution?Correct
Question 23 of 40
During test execution, the test manager describes the following situation to the project team:
“90% of the test cases have been run.
20% of the test cases have identified defects.
127 defects have been found. 112 defects have been fixed and have passed confirmation testing.
Of the remaining 15 defects, project management has decided that they do not need to be fixed prior to release.”
Which of the following is the most reasonable interpretation of this test status report?Correct
Question 24 of 40
In a test summary report, the project’s test leader makes the following statement,
“The payment processing subsystem fails to accept payments from American Express cardholders, which is considered a must-work feature for this release.”
This statement is likely to be found in which of the following sections?Correct
Question 25 of 40
During an early period of test execution, a defect is located, resolved and confirmed as resolved by re-testing, but is seen again later during subsequent test execution.
Which of the following is a testing-related aspect of configuration management that is most likely to have broken down?Correct
Question 26 of 40
You are working as a tester on a project to develop a point-of-sales system for grocery stores and other similar retail outlets.
Which of the following is a product risk for such a project?Correct
Question 27 of 40
A product risk analysis meeting is held during the project planning period. Which of the following determines the level of risk?Correct
Question 28 of 40
You are writing a test plan using the IEEE 829 template and are currently completing the Risks and Contingencies section.
Which of the following is most likely to be listed as a project risk?Correct
Question 29 of 40
You and the project stakeholders develop a list of product risks and project risks during the planning stage of a project.
What else should you do with those lists of risks during test planning?Correct
Question 30 of 40
According to the ISTQB Glossary, a product risk is related to which of the following?Correct
Question 31 of 40
In an incident report, the tester makes the following statement:
At this point, I expect to receive an error message explaining the rejection of this invalid input and asking me to enter a valid input. Instead the system accepts the input, displays an hourglass for between one and five seconds and finally terminates abnormally, giving the message:
“Unexpected data type: 15. Click to continue.”
This statement is likely to be found in which of the following sections of an IEEE 829 standard incident report?Correct
Question 32 of 40
According to the ISTQB Glossary, what do we call a document that describes any event that occurred during testing which requires further investigation?Correct
Question 33 of 40
A product risk analysis is performed during the planning stage of the test process.
During the execution stage of the test process, the test manager directs the testers to classify each defect report by the known product risk it relates to (or to ‘other’).
Once a week, the test manager runs a report that shows the percentage of defects related to each known product risk and to unknown risks.
What is one possible use of such a report?Correct
Question 34 of 40
Which tools help to support static testing?Correct
Question 35 of 40
Which test activities are supported by test harness or unit test framework tools?Correct
Question 36 of 40
What are the potential benefits from using tools in general to support testing?Correct
Question 37 of 40
What is a potential risk in using tools to support testing?Correct
Question 38 of 40
Which of the following are advanced scripting techniques for test execution tools?Correct
Question 39 of 40
Which of the following would NOT be done as part of selecting a tool for an organization?Correct
Question 40 of 40
Which of the following is a goal for a proof-of-concept or pilot phase for tool evaluation?Correct
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