In this Appium tutorial, we take a look at how to create a sample maven project to use for Mobile Test Automation using Appium with Java.
This is an Appium starter project for mobile automation testing for both native and web view. It uses a sample app (Wikipedia) on an android emulator to run a basic search test. The idea is to show how to write automated tests for a mobile app using Appium.
The project will automatically install the Wikipedia app on the virtual device which you will create in the following steps and then runs two search tests on the Wikipedia app.
- How to create Test Automation Framework from scratch
- Opensource Mobile Test Automation Tools
- Run Automated Mobile Tests on Multiple Devices
Appium Project Setup Requirements
As this is a Java-based starter project, you need to have Java 8 installed. You will also need to have Android SDK to be able to interact with the Android emulator.
You can clone this project from my Github repo
Appium Project Setup
The instructions given here are for OSX
1 – Install latest Android SDK
2 – The installer will install Android SDK in the following location
3 – Edit your .bash_profile to have the following:
export ANDROID_HOME=/Users/<YOUR-USERNAME>/Library/Android/sdk export ANDROID_SDK_ROOT=$ANDROID_HOME export JAVA_HOME=$(/usr/libexec/java_home) PATH=$PATH:$ANDROID_SDK_ROOT/tools/bin PATH=$PATH:$ANDROID_SDK_ROOT/emulator PATH=$PATH:$ANDROID_SDK_ROOT/platform-tools PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin
N.B. Your .bash_profile should be in ~/.bash_profile
If you don’t have a .bash_profile then run this command to create it: touch ~/.bash_profile
To edit your .bash_profile run:
sudo nano ~/.bash_profile
4 – Install the latest platform tools by running the following command in a terminal
sdkmanager "platform-tools" "platforms;android-26"
5 – Download necessary packages
6 – Create an avd (Android Virtual Device) with a name TestAvd and device Nexus 5X
avdmanager create avd -n TestAvd -k "system-images;android-26;google_apis;x86" -d "Nexus 5X"
7 – Launch the emulator to see if everything is working
emulator -avd TestAvd -skin 1440x2560
8 – Now install Appium
npm install -g appium
9 – Start the Appium server by running the following command
10 – Run the tests from the project root (where pom.xml resides)
mvn clean test
N.B. To run the tests you need to clone the project from https://github.com/AmirGhahrai/appiumTests