4 Different Ways to Iterate Through a Map in Java

Looping over a Map in Java. In this post we look at four different ways we can iterate through a map in Java. We can use for-each loop as well as the iterator class.

Method #1: Iterating over entries using For-Each loop

Map<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<Integer, Integer>();
for (Map.Entry<Integer, Integer> entry : map.entrySet()) {
    System.out.println("Key = " + entry.getKey() + ", Value = " + entry.getValue());
}

Method #2: Iterating over keys or values using For-Each loop

Map<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<Integer, Integer>();

//iterating over keys only
for (Integer key : map.keySet()) {
    System.out.println("Key = " + key);
}

//iterating over values only
for (Integer value : map.values()) {
    System.out.println("Value = " + value);
}

Method #3: Iterating using Iterator.

Using Generics:

Map<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<Integer, Integer>();
Iterator<Map.Entry<Integer, Integer>> entries = map.entrySet().iterator();
while (entries.hasNext()) {
    Map.Entry<Integer, Integer> entry = entries.next();
    System.out.println("Key = " + entry.getKey() + ", Value = " + entry.getValue());
}

Without Generics:

Map map = new HashMap();
Iterator entries = map.entrySet().iterator();
while (entries.hasNext()) {
    Map.Entry entry = (Map.Entry) entries.next();
    Integer key = (Integer)entry.getKey();
    Integer value = (Integer)entry.getValue();
    System.out.println("Key = " + key + ", Value = " + value);
}

Method #4: Iterating over keys and searching for values

Map<Integer, Integer> map = new HashMap<Integer, Integer>();
for (Integer key : map.keySet()) {
    Integer value = map.get(key);
    System.out.println("Key = " + key + ", Value = " + value);
}

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